? The English Diaspora

Dr Joe Hardwick

Dr Joe Hardwick


After receiving his first degree at the University of Liverpool in 2001, Joe spent two years in the United Stated studying for an MA in American Studies at Michigan State University. After completing research on the connections between nineteenth-century reformers in Britain and America for his MA, Joe returned to Britain and in 2004 he began doctoral research at the University of York on early nineteenth-century expatriate reform communities in Britain’s eastern empire. His doctoral research was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and he completed the PhD in the summer of 2008. Between 2008 and 2009 he was Teaching Fellow in Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century British History at the University of Warwick, and taught various courses in British, European and imperial history at the University of York and Manchester Metropolitan University before joining Northumbria in 2010.

The English Diaspora

Joe's interest in the English diaspora extends from his wider research interest in the role and status of the Church of England in the British Empire from the late eighteenth century to the late nineteenth. While on the one hand Joe's research looks at how the Church functioned as one of the world's first transnational institutions, he is also interested in the changing ethnic identity of the nineteenth-century colonial Church; hence, as part of this project, Joe is examining a set of questions about how the Church sought to cultivate a particular "British", "English" or colonial identity, what groups it sought to represent, and whether Anglican ethnic identity was contested, with tensions existing between Irish, Scottish, English and 'native-born' colonial churchgoers.


Joe’s research interests lie in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British political and imperial history, with a particular focus on the political and religious culture of British expatriate communities. Joe’s research has focused on two principal areas: first, the overseas development of the Church of England and the contribution it made to the development of expatriate civil societies across the British World; second, the global and imperial dimensions of the ‘Age of Reform’, an epithet historians give to the period of economic, social, political, religious and bureaucratic reform stretching from roughly 1780 and 1850. Recent projects have included a prosopographical study of the colonial clergy and an article which drew connections between reform debates in Britain and nineteenth-century Calcutta. He is currently working on an article on mid-Victorian colonial Church periodical literature and a monograph which examines the mechanisms and logistics of Anglican Church expansion.

Select Publications

Church and Empire: The Church of England and the Expansion of the British Settler Dominion, c. 1790-1850 (under contract, Manchester University Press, Studies in Imperialism Series).
'Vestry Politics and the Emergence of a Reform “Public” in Calcutta, 1813-1836', Historical Research, 84, 223 (2011), pp. 87-108.
'Anglican Church Expansion and the Recruitment of Colonial Clergy for New South Wales and the Cape Colony, c.1790-1850', Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 37, 3 (2009), pp. 361-81.

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